Puberty gingivitis is a type of gingivitis that can develop in children during puberty and can be prevented. Our dentists at Etobicoke explain what causes it and how to avoid it.
In preteens and teenagers, a condition known as puberty gingivitis is very common but not well-known. If gingivitis is not detected and treated early on, it can progress to more serious periodontal disease.
What causes puberty gingivitis?
Puberty gingivitis is most common in preadolescent boys and girls who are between the ages of 11 and 13.
During these years, kids often begin to assert a little more independence, and their dietary and oral hygiene habits can go downhill because of reduced parental supervision.
Gingivitis caused by puberty is usually caused by a combination of poor oral hygiene and diet, as well as increased hormone levels during puberty (which increase the sensitivity of the gums to accumulated dental plaque). Poor nutrition can make it more difficult for the body to fight infections, increasing the risk of gum disease in children.
Teens who smoke, vape, or chew tobacco are more likely than their non-smoking peers to develop gum disease.
The immune system is weakened and inflammation is increased when people are constantly stressed. Gum disease can develop over time when high-stress levels are combined with poor oral health and hygiene.
This combination of factors makes gingivitis more of a risk for young people going through puberty than it would be at other times in their lives.
Puberty gingivitis symptoms include bleeding and inflammation of the gums. The gum tissue may also become red, swollen, and less firm to the touch. Bad breath can also be a symptom.
The best "treatment" for puberty gingivitis is prevention!
As your children grow older and become more self-reliant, they may be less likely to listen to you about maintaining good oral health. To prevent gum disease from developing, parents must be adamant on this point.
Make sure your adolescent brushes thoroughly for two minutes in the morning and again before bed, and flosses at least once a day.
Periodontal therapy at your dentist's office may help your child control gingivitis if it has already developed. Mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine can be used to control the infection as well. Our Etobicoke dentists will also teach your teen how to brush and floss properly for long-term dental health.